Hypoglycaemia

Hypoglycaemia (commonly called as hypo) can be simply defined as a decrease in blood glucose levels below normal range. 

This is the most common condition found in T1D which should always be taken care of, if blood glucose levels goes below 72mg/dl.

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A diabetic should always learn to notice the symptoms of hypoglycaemia.

Obviously, a newly diagnosed patient will always find it difficult to figure out the very episodes of hypo, but gradually master the diagnosis and management of the same at home in mild cases. Symptoms usually are-

  • Dizziness 
  • Sweating 
  • Feeling hungry 
  • Increase in heart rate
  • Slurring of speech etc

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Once you find that you are experiencing any of the above symptoms, check your blood glucose levels immediately. This is the most fastest and easiest way to diagnose a hypo.

The most common reasons of hypoglycaemia are

  • Vigorous exercise 
  • High dose of insulin or anti-diabetic drugs 
  • Delay taking meal etc

Hypoglycaemia can be mild or severe in nature.

  • Mild hypos can be managed by patient itself at home by taking high sugar foods or drinks.

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  • Severe hypos (when patient has become unconscious) needs medical attention and patient should be shifted to a nearby hospital.

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